Four types of biomass will be selected for use in Bio4Products: straw, bark, forest residues and sunflower husks. Capax Environmental Services will be responsible for pre-treating the biomass streams, by sizing, drying and pelleting, and supplying large quantities of each of them to the fast pyrolysis plant for conversion.
By targeting residual bio-resources Bio4Products aims for long-term sustainability. The selected biomass feedstocks are unsuitable for food production and do not stimulate indirect land use change (ILUC). Currently, there is also no commercially viable technology for industry to exploit these resources, rendering their harvest non-economic in many cases. To validate the sustainability of the selected feedstocks, Bio4Products will conduct in-depth assessments for each biomass type, considering: greenhouse gas emissions; energy use; competition with food and other applications; indirect land use change; carbon debt; biodiversity; impact on soil, water and air; and social and economic impacts.